JUNE 14 -WORLD BLOOD DONOR DAY
Every year on 14 June, countries around the world celebrate World Blood Donor Day (WBDD). The event was organised for the first time in 2005,by a joint initiative of World Health Organisation, the International Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies to raise awareness of the need for safe blood and blood products, and to thank blood donors for their voluntary, life-saving gifts of blood.
World Blood Donor Day brings a precious opportunity to all donors to celebrate and commemorate the birthday anniversary of Karl Landsteiner (a scientist who won the Nobel Prize for his discovery of the ABO blood group system).
The theme for Blood Donor Day 2020 is ‘Safe Blood Saves Lives’. The Slogan of Blood Donor Day 2020 is ‘Give Blood And Make The World A Healthier Place’.
This year WHO announced a virtual rally for Covid-19 pandemic.
The objectives of this year’s campaign are to:
- celebrate and thank individuals who donate blood and encourage more people to start donating
- Raise wider awareness of the urgent need to increase the availability of safe blood for use wherever and whenever it is needed to save life;
- demonstrate the need for universal access to safe blood transfusion and provide advocacy on its role in the provision of effective health care and in achieving universal health coverage;
- mobilize support at national, regional and global levels among governments and development partners to invest in, strengthen and sustain national blood programmes
The themes for previous years are as follow;
2019: Safe Blood for All
The theme for Blood Donation Day in 2019 is ‘Safe Blood For All’.
2018: Be there for someone else. Give blood. Share life
The theme for Blood Donation Day in 2018 is ‘Be there for someone else. Give blood. Share life’
2017: Give Blood. Give Now. Give Often
2016: Blood connects us all
2015: Thank you for saving my life
2014: Safe blood for saving mothers
2013: Give the gift of life : donate blood
2012: Every blood donor is a hero
Transfusion of blood and blood products helps and save millions of lives every year. It can help patients who suffering from life-threatening conditions live longer and with higher quality of life, and supports complex medical and surgical procedures. It also has an essential, life-saving role in maternal and perinatal care. Access to safe and sufficient blood and blood products can help reduce rates of death and disability due to severe bleeding during delivery and after childbirth
The WHO’s goal is for all countries to obtain all their blood supplies from voluntary unpaid donors by 2020. In 2014, 60 countries have their national blood supplies based on 99-100% voluntary unpaid blood donations, with 73 countries still largely dependent on family and paid donors.
THE UNIVERSAL DONOR: O- blood type is the universal red blood cell donor because their red blood cells can be transfused into any patient, regardless of blood type. O- red cells must be used for trauma situations and other emergencies when the patient’s blood type is not known. O- red cells are also frequently used for babies and sickle cell anemia patients.
THE UNIVERSAL RECIPIENT:AB+ blood type is the universal recipient,people with this blood type can take blood donation from any of O- ,O+,A-,A+,B-,B+,AB-,AB+ ,but can only donate to a fellow with AB+ blood type.
Health Benefits Of Donating Blood
You can donate one unit or 350 ml of blood every 8 weeks.
Blood donation not only makes the receiver’s life good but also helps the donor to maintain good health. The health benefits of donating blood are mentioned below.
- PREVENTS HEMOCHROMATOSIS
Health benefits of blood donation include reduced risk of hemochromatosis. Hemochromatosis is a health condition that arises due to excess absorption of iron by the body. This may be inherited or may be caused due to alcoholism, anemia or other disorders. Regular blood donation may help in reducing iron overload. Make sure that the donor meets the standard blood donation eligibility criteria.
- ANTI-CANCER BENEFITS
Blood donation helps in lowering the risk of cancer. By donating blood the iron stores in the body are maintained at healthy levels. A reduction in the iron level in the body is linked with low cancer risk.
- MAINTAINS HEALTHY HEART & LIVER
Blood donation is beneficial in reducing the risk of heart and liver ailments caused by the iron overload in the body. Intake of iron-rich diet may increase the iron levels in the body, and since only limited proportions can be absorbed, excess iron gets stored in heart, liver, and pancreas. This, in turn, increases the risk of cirrhosis, liver failure, damage to the pancreas, and heart abnormalities like irregular heart rhythms. Blood donation helps in maintaining the iron levels and reduces the risk of various health ailments
- WEIGHT LOSS:Regular blood donation reduces the weight of the donors. This is helpful to those who are obese and are at higher risk of cardiovascular diseases and other health disorders. However, blood donation should not be very frequent and you may consult your doctor before donating blood to avoid any health issues
- STIMULATES BLOOD CELL PRODUCTION:After donating blood, the body works to replenish the blood loss. This stimulates the production of new blood cells and in turn, helps in maintaining good health
Compiled from Google