The week long enlightenment on breastfeeding ends today.

World Breastfeeding Week (WBW) is an annual celebration which is held every year from 1 to 7 August in more than 120 countries.
World Breastfeeding Week was first celebrated in 1992 by World Alliance for Breastfeeding Action (WABA) and is now observed in over 120 countries by UNICEF, WHO and their partners including individuals, organizations, and governments.

WABA itself have been formed on 14 February 1991 with the goal to re-establish a global breastfeeding culture and provide support for breastfeeding everywhere.
WHO and UNICEF, WBW came up with the goal to promote exclusive breastfeeding for the first six months of life which yields many health benefits, providing critical nutrients, protection from deadly diseases such as pneumonia and fostering growth and development for the first time in 1991.

The World Health Organization (WHO) and the American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) emphasize the value of breastfeeding for mothers as well as children. Both recommend exclusive breastfeeding for the first six months of life and then supplemented breastfeeding for at least one year and up to two years or more.

In line with this theme, WHO and UNICEF are calling on governments to protect and promote women’s access to skilled breastfeeding counselling, a critical component of breastfeeding support.
Analysis indicates that increasing rates of exclusive breastfeeding could save the lives of 820,000 children every year, generating US $302 billion in additional income.

This is why UNICEF and WHO, in line with the policy actions advocated by the UNICEF-WHO-led Global Breastfeeding Collective, are calling on governments to:

INVEST to make skilled breastfeeding counselling available to every woman. Ensuring availability of skilled breastfeeding counselling to every woman will require increased financing for breastfeeding programmes and improved monitoring and implementation of policies, programmes and services.

TRAIN health care workers, including midwives and nurses, to deliver skilled breastfeeding counselling to mothers and families.

PARTNER and collaborate with civil society and health professional associations, building strong collaborative systems for provision of appropriate counselling.

ENSURE that counselling is made available as part of routine health and nutrition services that are easily accessible.

PROTECT health care workers from the influence of the baby food industry.

Studies indicate that breastfeeding helps improve mothers’ health, as well as their children’s. A woman grows both physically and emotionally from the relationship she forms with her baby. Just as a woman’s breast milk is designed specifically to nourish the body of an infant, the production and delivery of this milk aids her own health.

  1. Breast milk is always fresh, perfectly clean, just the right temperature, and is the healthy choice at the least cost.
  2. Breastfeeding is easy, even if it sometimes requires an initial period of learning and adapting for mother and baby.
  3. Breastfeeding requires no preparation, sterilization, etc. of bottles and formula (often while baby cries…)
  4. Breastfeeding is a cost effective way of feeding an infant, providing the best nourishment for a child at a small nutrient cost to the mother.
  5. Breastfeeding is possible throughout pregnancy, but generally milk production will be reduced at some point.
  6. Frequent and exclusive breastfeeding can delay the return of fertility through lactational amenorrhea, though breastfeeding is an imperfect means of birth control.
    Breast Milk Expression
    If the mother is away, an alternative caregiver may be able to feed the baby with expressed breast milk. The various breast pumps available for sale and rent help working mothers to feed their babies breast milk for as long as they want. To be successful, the mother must produce and store enough milk to feed the child for the time she is away, and the feeding caregiver must be comfortable in handling breast milk.
    For the mother
    *Bonding: During breastfeeding beneficial hormones are released into the mother’s body and the maternal bond can be strengthened.A woman’s ability to produce all of the nutrients that her child needs can provide her with a sense of confidence. Hormones released during breastfeeding help to strengthen the maternal bond.Researchers have pointed out that the bond of a nursing mother and child is stronger than any other human contact. Holding the child to her breast provides most mothers with a more powerful psychological experience than carrying the fetus inside her uterus.
    *Weight Loss: Mothers who breastfeed are more likely to return to their prepregnancy weight than mothers who formula feed. Breastfeeding reduces the risk for long-term obesity.
    Breastfeeding appears to reduce the risk of obesity and hypertension.As the fat accumulated during pregnancy is used to produce milk, extended breastfeeding—at least 6 months—can help mothers lose weight. However, weight loss is highly variable among lactating women; monitoring the diet and increasing the amount/intensity of exercise are more reliable ways of losing weight.Mothers burn many calories during lactation as their bodies produce milk. In fact, some of the weight gained during pregnancy serves as an energy source for lactation.
    *Helps birth spacing: In developing countries, exclusive breastfeeding reduces total potential fertility as much as all other modern contraceptive methods combined. By spacing births, breastfeeding allows the mother to recuperate before she conceives again.
    Among both premenopausal and postmenopausal women, risk of breast cancer decrease with increasing duration of lifetime lactation experience although the effect was consistently stronger for premenopausal women.After controlling for age at first full term pregnancy and other potentially compounding factors, parity and duration of breast feeding also had a strong influence on the risk of breast cancer.
    A protective effect against uterine cancer was found for women who breastfeed. This protection increases with breastfeeding duration.
    Breastfeeding should be added to the list of factors that decrease ovulatory age and thereby decrease the risk of ovarian cancer.

Lactation provides a hypoestrogenic effect with less stimulation of the endometrial lining. This event may offer a protective effect from endometrial cancer.
Breastfeeding decreases the risk for and incidence of thyroid cancer

Heart disease
In 2009, researchers found that women who nursed for at least 24 months over the course of their reproductive lifespan had a 23 percent lower risk of developing heart disease. While the reason is still unknown, researchers theorize that it could be due to the beneficial effects that nursing has on the body’s metabolism of sugar and fats. Nursing may also decrease visceral fat—the dangerous kind that collects around the abdominal organs—and promote healthier fat storage on the hips and thighs. One thing nursing doesn’t appear to do: trigger weight loss. While it takes plenty of calories to produce breast milk, nursing moms usually find that their appetites increase, causing them to eat more.
2009 study indicated that lactation for at least 24 months is associated with a 23% lower risk of coronary heart disease.
Rheumatoid arthritis
A number of studies have linked breastfeeding to protection against rheumatoid arthritis. One from Harvard’s Brigham and Women’s Hospital found that nursing for a total of two years decreased the risk by 50 percent, while nursing for 12 to 23 months lowered risk by 20 percent. Nursing seems to permanently alter levels of female sex hormones, like estrogen and certain androgens, thought to play a role in this debilitating condition.

The latest study adds to evidence that nursing protects against type 2 diabetes. That’s likely because lactation makes cells more sensitive to the hormone insulin. (In fact, diabetic mothers who breast-feed usually require less insulin when they nurse.) It could also be due to nursing’s effect on where fat is stored: on the hips and thighs rather than on the belly. Excess abdominal fat, often acquired during pregnancy, is a key risk factor in adult diabetes.
Diabetic women improve their health by breastfeeding. Not only do nursing infants have increased protection from juvenile diabetes, the amount of insulin that the mother requires postpartum is decreased.
A woman suffering from Gestational Diabetes has less risk of developing type-2 Diabetes later on if she breastfeeds after that pregnancy.
*Emotional Health: Many mothers also get emotional benefits from breastfeeding because of the closeness of this interaction with the baby and from the satisfaction of helping to nourish their babies.At one month postpartum, women who breastfed their infants had scores indicating less anxiety and more mutuality than the women bottle feeding their infants.
Some research suggest that mothers who breastfeed their babies have fewer episodes of post-delivery depression.0Breastfeeding comforts a toddler when they are tired, upset, sick or hurt. Extended breastfeeding can make mothering a toddler easier during those times (LLL).
Helps mother get needed rest by requiring that she sit or lie down with baby every few hours to feed.
Breastfeeding women report psychological benefits such as increased self-confidence and a stronger sense of connection with their babies.
Many societies and cultures also encourage mothers to breastfeed, which can offer support to a new mother.

Exclusive breastfeeding is the best for both the mother and infant.


World Sickle Cell Day

World Sickle Cell Awareness Day is celebrated on June 19th of each year.

Sickle cell disease (SCD) is a group of inherited red blood cell disorders.
As the world grapples with the COVID-19 pandemic, we need to continue our efforts to support vulnerable populations, who may be more at risk, such as people with sickle cell disease (SCD).Sickle cell disease is a hereditary and life-threatening condition that causes ongoing vascular damage and repeated injury to the blood vessels and organs, including the heart and lungs. This lifelong illness often takes an extreme emotional, physical, and financial toll on patients and their families. Healthy red blood cells are round, and they move through small blood vessels to carry oxygen to all parts of the body. In someone who has SCD, the red blood cells become hard and sticky and look like a C-shaped farm tool called a “sickle”. The sickle cells die early, which causes a constant shortage of red blood cells. Also, when they travel through small blood vessels, they get stuck and clog the blood flow. This can cause pain and other serious problems such infection, acute chest syndrome and stroke.

Symptoms of SCD:
Episodes of painful crisis
Swelling of hands and feet.
Frequent infections.
Delayed growth or puberty.
Vision problems.

Facts: 1. SCD affects millions around the world.
2. SCD is particularly common in individuals in Africa, South America, the Caribbean, Central America, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia, India, and Mediterranean countries such as Turkey, Greece and Italy.
3. SCD is a major public health concern. From 1989 through 1993, an average of 75,000 hospitalizations due to SCD occurred in the United States, costing approximately $475 million.
4. Many patients with SCD only live into their 40s and endure unpredictable pain crises which disrupt their lives physically, socially and emotionally
5. Early diagnosis and regular medical care can prevent complications and contribute to improved life expectancy and quality of life, however, a recent survey revealed that many patients don’t seek care despite symptoms and complications

You can help reduce the population of SCD babies in the nearest future by knowing your genotype before getting married.

Compiled from Google



Every year on 14 June, countries around the world celebrate World Blood Donor Day (WBDD). The event was organised for the first time in 2005,by a joint initiative of World Health Organisation, the International Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies to raise awareness of the need for safe blood and blood products, and to thank blood donors for their voluntary, life-saving gifts of blood.

World Blood Donor Day brings a precious opportunity to all donors to celebrate and commemorate the birthday anniversary of Karl Landsteiner (a scientist who won the Nobel Prize for his discovery of the ABO blood group system).

The theme for Blood Donor Day 2020 is ‘Safe Blood Saves Lives’. The Slogan of Blood Donor Day 2020 is ‘Give Blood And Make The World A Healthier Place’.

This year WHO announced a virtual rally for Covid-19 pandemic.

The objectives of this year’s campaign are to:

  • celebrate and thank individuals who donate blood and encourage more people to start donating
  • Raise wider awareness of the urgent need to increase the availability of safe blood for use wherever and whenever it is needed to save life;
  • demonstrate the need for universal access to safe blood transfusion and provide advocacy on its role in the provision of effective health care and in achieving universal health coverage;
  • mobilize support at national, regional and global levels among governments and development partners to invest in, strengthen and sustain national blood programmes

The themes for previous years are as follow;

2019: Safe Blood for All
The theme for Blood Donation Day in 2019 is ‘Safe Blood For All’.
2018: Be there for someone else. Give blood. Share life
The theme for Blood Donation Day in 2018 is ‘Be there for someone else. Give blood. Share life’
2017: Give Blood. Give Now. Give Often
2016: Blood connects us all
2015: Thank you for saving my life
2014: Safe blood for saving mothers
2013: Give the gift of life : donate blood
2012: Every blood donor is a hero

Transfusion of blood and blood products helps and save millions of lives every year. It can help patients who suffering from life-threatening conditions live longer and with higher quality of life, and supports complex medical and surgical procedures. It also has an essential, life-saving role in maternal and perinatal care. Access to safe and sufficient blood and blood products can help reduce rates of death and disability due to severe bleeding during delivery and after childbirth
The WHO’s goal is for all countries to obtain all their blood supplies from voluntary unpaid donors by 2020. In 2014, 60 countries have their national blood supplies based on 99-100% voluntary unpaid blood donations, with 73 countries still largely dependent on family and paid donors.

THE UNIVERSAL DONOR: O- blood type is the universal red blood cell donor because their red blood cells can be transfused into any patient, regardless of blood type. O- red cells must be used for trauma situations and other emergencies when the patient’s blood type is not known. O- red cells are also frequently used for babies and sickle cell anemia patients.

THE UNIVERSAL RECIPIENT:AB+ blood type is the universal recipient,people with this blood type can take blood donation from any of O- ,O+,A-,A+,B-,B+,AB-,AB+ ,but can only donate to a fellow with AB+ blood type.

Health Benefits Of Donating Blood
You can donate one unit or 350 ml of blood every 8 weeks.

Blood donation not only makes the receiver’s life good but also helps the donor to maintain good health. The health benefits of donating blood are mentioned below.

    Health benefits of blood donation include reduced risk of hemochromatosis. Hemochromatosis is a health condition that arises due to excess absorption of iron by the body. This may be inherited or may be caused due to alcoholism, anemia or other disorders. Regular blood donation may help in reducing iron overload. Make sure that the donor meets the standard blood donation eligibility criteria.
    Blood donation helps in lowering the risk of cancer. By donating blood the iron stores in the body are maintained at healthy levels. A reduction in the iron level in the body is linked with low cancer risk.
    Blood donation is beneficial in reducing the risk of heart and liver ailments caused by the iron overload in the body. Intake of iron-rich diet may increase the iron levels in the body, and since only limited proportions can be absorbed, excess iron gets stored in heart, liver, and pancreas. This, in turn, increases the risk of cirrhosis, liver failure, damage to the pancreas, and heart abnormalities like irregular heart rhythms. Blood donation helps in maintaining the iron levels and reduces the risk of various health ailments
  4. WEIGHT LOSS:Regular blood donation reduces the weight of the donors. This is helpful to those who are obese and are at higher risk of cardiovascular diseases and other health disorders. However, blood donation should not be very frequent and you may consult your doctor before donating blood to avoid any health issues
  5. STIMULATES BLOOD CELL PRODUCTION:After donating blood, the body works to replenish the blood loss. This stimulates the production of new blood cells and in turn, helps in maintaining good health

Compiled from Google


World Day Against Child Labour is observed on 12 June every year across the world. It was introduced in 2002 by the International Labour Organisation.
A child becomes the pride and joy of its parents from the minute he or she is born, and is given every bit of love and support that it needs. If a child is given proper nourishment and receives good education, he or she can grow up to be a responsible member of the society. But sometimes a child is denied all the good things of life, like loving parents, good education, proper food and most importantly, freedom to just be a child.
For World Day Against Child Labour this year, the focus is, “COVID-19 – Protect children from child labour now, more than ever”. The coronavirus pandemic and lockdowns to check its spread are pushing the poor to the brink and children are among the worst sufferers.
One of the biggest economic fallouts of coronavirus is the impact on livelihoods. Experts fear that this can push millions of underprivileged children into child labour.
According to ILO’s data, hundreds of millions of girls and boys throughout the world are involved in work that deprives them of receiving an adequate education, health, leisure and basic freedoms, violating this way their rights. Of these children, more than half are exposed to the worst forms of child labour. These worst forms of child labour include work in hazardous environments, slavery, or other forms of forced labour, illicit activities such as drug trafficking and prostitution, as well as involvement in armed conflict.
Africa ranks highest among regions both in the percentage of children in child labour — one-fifth — and the absolute number of children in child labour — 72 million.
Poverty is one of the main reasons for child labour because of which childrens are forced to leave their school and opt for minial jobs to support their parents for their livelihood.Moreover, some are forced into child labour by organised crime rackets.
This Day not only focus on the suitable environment required for the children to grow and prosper but also provide an opportunity to gain support from governments, civil society, schools, youth, women’s groups and media to participate in the campaign against child labour.

The theme of World Day against Child Labour 2019 is “Children shouldn’t work in fields, but on dreams”
The theme for World Day against Child Labour 2018 is “Generation safe and Healthy”.
The theme for World Day against Child Labour 2017 is “In conflicts and disasters, protect children from child labour”.
The theme for World Day against Child Labour 2016 is “End child labour in supply chains – It’s everyone’s business!”
The theme for World Day against Child Labour 2015 is “NO to child labour – YES to quality education!”.

Several organisations, ILO etc. are making efforts to curb the child labour. But we should also be responsible and take our duties to help in eliminating the child labour. It is correctly said that the child that comes out of child labour comes to know his or her potential and self worth. They began to enjoy life, human rights and live a dignified life. No doubt such children will also contribute in the economic and social growth of the country and also of the world.
Children are the future of the country!
Evangelist Billy Graham said, “The greatest legacy one can pass on to one’s children and grandchildren is not money or other material things accumulated in one’s life, but rather a legacy of character and faith.”

Stop Child Labour!
Protect the right of children!
Educate them!
Support them!

Compiled from Google

It’s National Eggs Day

What do you know about eggs?

Eggs had some tough years as health experts fretted about the high cholesterol content. But after a revision of the American Heart Association’s guidelines in 2000, the health benefits of eggs seemed to outweigh the concerns.
The AHA says healthy adults can enjoy an egg per day and easily remain within the daily cholesterol limit.
Also, a single egg has only 75 calories, which is great for those looking to lose weight. And the seven grams of protein in an average egg almost makes this a superfood with a great calorie-to-protein ratio.
Eggs are great to eat anytime … or any day, for that matter

Nutrient content
Both the white and yolk of an egg are rich in nutrients, including proteins, vitamins and minerals. The yolk also contains cholesterol, fat-soluble vitamins (such as vitamins D and E) and essential fatty acids.
Eggs are rich sources of selenium, vitamin D, B6, B12 and minerals such as zinc, iron and copper.
Egg yolks contain more calories and fat than the whites. They are a source of fat-soluble vitamins A, D, E and K and lecithin, the compound that enables emulsification in recipes such as hollandaise or mayonnaise

Eggs are regarded as a ‘complete’ source of protein as they contain all nine essential amino acids, the ones we cannot synthesise in our bodies and must obtain from our diet.
A study published in Paediatrics magazine has suggested that giving young children just one egg a day for six months, alongside a diet with reduced sugar-sweetened foods, may help them achieve a healthy height and prevent stunting.

Eggs can provide a number of health benefits.
1 . Strong muscles: The protein in eggs helps maintain and repair body tissues, including muscle.

  1. Brain health: Eggs contain vitamins and minerals that are necessary for the brain and the nervous system to function effectively.
  2. Energy production: Eggs contain all the nutrients that the body needs to produce energy.
  3. A healthy immune system: The vitamin A, vitamin B-12, and selenium in eggs are key to keeping the immune system healthy.
  4. Lower risk of heart disease: The choline in eggs plays an important part in breaking down the amino acid homocysteine, which may contribute to heart disease.
  5. A healthy pregnancy: Eggs contain folic acid, which may help prevent congenital disabilities, such as spina bifida.
  6. Eye health: The lutein and zeaxanthin in eggs help prevent macular degeneration, the leading cause of age-related blindness. Other vitamins in eggs also promote good vision.
  7. Weight loss and maintenance: The protein in eggs can help people feel full for longer. This can reduce the urge to snack and lower a person’s overall calorie intake.
  8. Skin health: Some vitamins and minerals in eggs help promote healthy skin and prevent the breakdown of body tissues. A strong immune system also helps a person look and feel well.

To experience the health benefits of eggs, a person should eat them as part of a balanced diet.

According to the United States Department of Agriculture (USDA), one medium boiled or poached egg weighing 44 g can provide the following nutrients:
Energy: 62.5 calories
Protein 5.5 grams (g)
Total fat: 4.2 g, of which 1.4 g are saturated
Sodium: 189 milligrams (mg)
Calcium: 24.6 mg
Iron: 0.8 mg
Magnesium 5.3 mg
Phosphorus: 86.7 mg
Potassium: 60.3 mg
Zinc: 0.6 mg
Cholesterol: 162 mg
Selenium: 13.4 micrograms (mcg)
Lutein and zeaxanthin: 220 mcg
Folate: 15.4 mcg

Source: Google Search Engine
Compiled by Ebun-Olorun Olubunmi Vivian

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